lousã mountain

Lousã Mountain

serra da lousã

The Serra da Lousã uniquely combines the cultural and human aspects of the Aldeias do Xisto. Here we find almost half of the villages in the network. Its landscape offers countless possibilities for enjoyment.

Region

Almost half of the 27 Aldeias do Xisto are located in the territory of the serra da Lousã range: Aigra Nova, Aigra Velha, Candal, Casal de São Simão, Casal Novo, Cerdeira, Chiqueiro, Comareira, Ferraria de São João, Gondramaz, Pena and Talasnal. They are small villages, often hidden by the rich vegetation that surrounds them, surrounded by schist and quartzite.

Mystical, artistic and active

The Serra da Lousã has a very special mystique. The peaks and valleys covered in green, often shrouded in mist, give it an aura of magic and mystery that, together with the creative, artistic, cultural and sporting variety of offer, have been attracting more and more people to this region. It is home to red deer, wild boar and roe deer that peek through the cork oaks, chestnut trees, oaks and, of course, pines. It is crossed by numerous hiking/mountain biking trails and paths that lead to St. António da Neve, Alto do Trevim, Lousã Castle or to the Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy... not forgetting the river beaches.

Geography

The Serra da Lousã, together with the Serra do Açor and the Serra da Estrela, form the most imposing of Portugal’s mountain ranges: the Central Cordillera, located at its south-western extremity. Formed primarily of Pre-Cambrian schist, it is therefore geologically very old. These mountain ranges also form the watershed between the river basins of the Mondego and the Tagus. The Serra da Lousã includes the counties of Castanheira de Pera, Figueiró dos Vinhos, Góis, Lousã, Miranda do Corvo and Penela. It slopes steeply down to almost flat plains that stretch northwest. It is deeply incised by watercourses, the most important of which are the Ribeira de Pena to the north, the Ribeira de São João to the northwest, and the Ribeira de Pera and Ribeira de Alge to the south. To the east looms the quartzite ridge of the Penedos de Góis. However, its highest point is Alto do Trevim at 1204 metres.

Natura 2000 Network

Serra da Lousã is part of the Natura 2000 Network, which aims to ensure the long-term conservation of Europe’s most threatened species and habitats. Its 15,158 hectares include the flattened peaks of the Serra da Lousã, the quartzite formation of the Penedos de Góis (1048 metres) and the Mata do Sobral, an area of cork oak forest to the north in the Serra de Sacões mountain range. It includes the highest parts of the counties of Castanheira de Pera, Figueiró dos Vinhos, Góis, Lousã and Miranda do Corvo.

Fauna and Flora

With a rugged terrain and climatic variations, the vegetation is very diverse. The holm oak occurs in the highest, sunny and driest areas, the cork oak in the sunniest areas and the chestnuts and oaks in the wettest and coldest areas. With the deeply incised watercourses are associated well-preserved habitats, notably the communities of Portuguese laurel cherry and the rarely occurring holly, of great importance for certain species of fauna. Science suggests that the gold-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) originated here. There is also a very significant population of red and roe deer.

Cogumelo de Capuz

Carvalho Alvarinho
Quercus robur

Sapo Corredor
Epidalea calamita

Veado
Cervidae

Caracol

Dedaleiras
Digitalis purpurea

explore

restaurants
As Beiras
As Beiras
Pampilhosa da Serra
restaurants
Callum
Callum
Oleiros
restaurants
Casa da Ti Augusta
Casa da Ti Augusta
Figueira
restaurants
Fugas Restaurant
Fugas Restaurant
restaurants
Ponte Velha
Ponte Velha
Sertã
restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Fiado
Fiado
Janeiro de Cima
restaurants
Bem-Me-Quer
Bem-Me-Quer
Martim Branco
restaurants
Varanda do Casal
Varanda do Casal
Casal de São Simão
lodging
Casas de Água Formosa
Casas de Água Formosa
Vila de Rei
lodging
Casas da Serra do Açor
Casas da Serra do Açor
Casal Novo, Arganil
lodging
Casa Cova do Barro
Casa Cova do Barro
Janeiro de Cima
lodging
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Caldas de São Paulo
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Casa do Talasnal
Casa do Talasnal
Talasnal
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
lodging
Aldeia Oliveiras
Aldeia Oliveiras
Proença-a-Nova
village
Sobral de São Miguel
Sobral de São Miguel
offer
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
heritage
Roman Villa of Rabaçal
Roman Villa of Rabaçal
village
Figueira
Figueira
offer
XL Epic Adventure
XL Epic Adventure
heritage
Alvoco das Várzeas Medieval Bridge
Alvoco das Várzeas Medieval Bridge
tour
Cyclin' Portugal Centre - Aldeias of Xisto de Oliveira do Hospital: P5 – Red
Cyclin' Portugal Centre - Aldeias of Xisto de Oliveira do Hospital: P5 – Red
tour
Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
tour
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
heritage
Church of São Bartolomeu
Church of São Bartolomeu
offer
E-Bike Getaway in Aldeias do Xisto
E-Bike Getaway in Aldeias do Xisto
village
Ferraria de São João
Ferraria de São João

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