VILLAGES

Aigra Nova

lousã mountain
Lousã MountainAigra Nova
Aigra Nova
aigra nova, góis
Village and much more. Here the friendliness is as contagious as the landscape is serene. Immerse yourself in the Schist Traditions Ecomuseum and visit its various sites.

With its simple plan of low schist buildings, Aigra Nova consists of three small streets that cross the village.

Its spring and the mild climate favour agriculture and broad pastures. In this living village there are market gardens, livestock and many activities that will surprise the visitor.

Part of the Aldeias do Xisto network, this cluster of four villages in the municipality of Góis – Comareira, Aigra Nova, Aigra Velha and Pena – lie along a scenic road that links them to Trevim, the highest point in the Lousã Mountain (1204 metres above sea level), to Santo António da Neve and to other villages situated on the opposite slope of the mountains. With one’s gaze fixed on these heights, one can appreciate the survival of these ‘memory-villages’ and their recent, progressive transformation into ‘future-villages’, developing a new spirit for each of them which the beautiful schist stone alone cannot do.

We must pause here and involve ourselves in the Schist Traditions Ecomuseum (Eco-Museu Tradições do Xisto) project and visit its various sites. Here the friendliness is as contagious as the landscape is serene. It is good to know that in the bottoms of these valleys, red deer and wild boar still roam undisturbed, as if protected from the world outside.

  • territory

    In the small river basin created by the Ribeiro do Mouro, the founding inhabitants of the settlement exploited the sunny side of a small, gently sloping prominence.

    The choice of this location is directly related to the existence of a spring on its upper slopes. The surrounding gentle slopes favoured agriculture and proximity to pastures at the mountain’s higher altitudes provided grazing for livestock.

  • nature

    Aigra Nova is included in the Serra da Lousã Site of Community Importance of the Natura 2000 Network.

    The region’s very rich natural heritage includes in particular the Penedos de Góis crags and Oitava Forest Park, the habitat of endangered birds and mammals such as red deer and roe deer which are rarely found elsewhere in Portugal.

    Aigra Nova is the only village in Portugal which has a Tree Nursery.

    In front of the village, in the bottom of the valley, runs the Ribeira do Mouro stream hidden among trees, including some rare species, forming a dense and lush riverside corridor. It continues its course to Ponte de Sótão where it joins the Ribeira da Pena. It later flows into the Ceira and thence into the Mondego. Its waters finally meet the Atlantic at Figueira da Foz.

  • history and stories

    Little has been written about the history of this village, but from the “Register of the population of the Kingdom (1527)” we know that in the 16th century there existed in the entry for the villa de Goys what was then called hegra fumdeyra where there lived four residents. The name seems to indicate that at that time there was a “field” or “farm” here which was cultivated.

    The first forms of settlement that are known of in Góis municipality date from the Neolithic or Bronze I period, as proved by the many archaeological remains and finds (stone and metal axes, adornments, coins, rock art –stone inscriptions) found to the north of this area. The origin of these villages dates from the Iron Age with the foundation of small settlements on the slopes and the tops of hills, some of them subsequently abandoned during the Middle Ages.

    To overcome the difficulty of crossing the region, it is said that there was probably a “Roman” or “medieval” road whose course would have passed through Aigra Velha and Pena, forming part of the trade route that extended from Lisbon to the north of the country.

    Breasting the rise to Aigra Nova we find a block of buildings situated in the village which appears relatively ancient to judge by the nature of their construction and degree of dilapidation, and which marks the start of the community of Aigra Velha.

    Origin of the name
    The name Aigra Nova evolved from its designation as “aigra fundeira”, relating to a farm or new crop field, in contrast to another Aigra (Aigra Velha). Locally, the name is said to originate from acrum, meaning harsh, bitter, hard, difficult, in reference to the working conditions and life in that place.

  • patrimony

    The village has a simple layout, corresponding to a single access road which at the start of the village divides into three small streets that cross it and which meet at the exit road on the opposite side of the village. The predominant building material is schist, with some buildings being rendered. The lintels and door frames are generally made of oak or chestnut.

    All the houses built from schist blocks are constructed so as to ensure they are resistant to weather and the passage of time. Arranged in small groups, they have two floors: the upper, or first, floor and the ground floor, which would normally house the livestock. However, there are exceptions to this rule and several groups of animal pens were built on the outskirts of each village. In each case one or more of these buildings belonged to the respective house in the community, according to the owner’s property and wealth in head of cattle. The second floor also acted as a storage area where cereals, earthenware jars filled with olive oil, salting boxes for pork and farming implements would be stored. They sometimes even had a small wine cellar with barrels and vats for making wine.

    It is a living village: there are market gardens, there are livestock and there are many new activities that will surprise us.

  • festivities
    • January: Cantar as janeiras (carolling)
    • February: Traditional Shrovetide in the Schist Villages of Góis
    • July: Meeting of mountain people (Santo António da Neve)
  • products
    • Horticultural produce
    • Kid
    • Honey
    • Chestnuts
    • Shelled and dried chestnuts
    • Maize bread broa, simple or with ground meat, cooked in a wood oven
  • how to arrive

    A aldeia dista 12km de Góis. De Góis é preferencialmente servida pela EN342, a apenas 4km, utilizando uma estrada municipal que sobe até à aldeia pelo flanco Norte da Serra da Lousã. De Góis também pode ser utilizada a EN2 até Esporão e daqui seguir por Ribeira Cimeira e pela Aldeia do Xisto da Pena, utilizando um troço de 2km em terra batida para atingir Aigra Nova.

  • Patron saint
    santo antónio
  • Ex-libris
    schist traditions ecomuseum and tree nursery

explore

lodging
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Comareira
lodging
Casa do Neveiro
Casa do Neveiro
Góis
lodging
Casa da Cerejinha
Casa da Cerejinha
Góis
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Lousã
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Lousã
lodging
Casa das Bugalhas
Casa das Bugalhas
Candal
lodging
Sotam Country House
Sotam Country House
Vila Nova do Ceira
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Casa Princesa Peralta
Casa Princesa Peralta
Talasnal
lodging
Casa dos Amigos
Casa dos Amigos
Casal Novo
lodging
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Lousã
lodging
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Aldeia do Camelo
associations
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Aigra Nova, Góis
tour
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
village
Comareira
Comareira
village
Aigra Velha
Aigra Velha
village
Pena
Pena
tour
Panoramic Road: Pena - Fajão
Panoramic Road: Pena - Fajão
tour
PR 9 - Baile Trail
PR 9 - Baile Trail
associations
Arts and Crafts School
Arts and Crafts School
Cerdeira, Lousã
village
Cerdeira
Cerdeira
local products
Planta do Xisto
Planta do Xisto
Cerdeira
institutional
Junta de Freguesia de Góis
Junta de Freguesia de Góis
Góis
institutional
Câmara Municipal de Góis
Câmara Municipal de Góis
Góis
heritage
Santo António da Neve
Santo António da Neve
village
Candal
Candal
tour
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Four Villages Route"
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Four Villages Route"
village
Talasnal
Talasnal
tour
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Levada Route"
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Levada Route"
tour
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Serranos Route"
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Serranos Route"
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
Casa Princesa Peralta
heritage
Lousã Castle
Lousã Castle
village
Casal Novo
Casal Novo
village
Chiqueiro
Chiqueiro
associations
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Lousã
associations
Montanha Club
Montanha Club
Lousã
associations
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
Lousã
institutional
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Lousã
associations
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Lousã
local products
Lousãmel
Lousãmel
Lousã
associations
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
Lousã
tour
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
Casa Princesa Peralta
institutional
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Lousã
offer
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
tour
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Discovering the Forest"
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Discovering the Forest"

next events

event
Exposição de Fotografia: "A Ver Figueiró dos Vinhos" 2022
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event
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Aldeias do Xisto Geotour 2023
Aldeias do Xisto Geotour 2023
24 feb 2023 - 26 feb 2023, 09:00
Fundão