Xistopedia

Serra da Lousã Natura 2000 Network

Serra da Lousã Natura 2000 Network
environment and biodiversity
Ensuring the conservation of natural habitats in the Serra da Lousã.

Natura 2000 Network aims to ensure the long-term conservation of Europe’s most threatened species and habitats, helping to halt the loss of biodiversity. It is the main instrument for nature conservation in the European Union.

As well as covering the land it also covers the entire marine environment. It consists of the Special Protection Area (SPA), defined by the Birds Directive, created with the aim of conserving all naturally occurring bird species in the wild. And also by the Special Area of Conservation (SAC), defined by the Habitats Directive, the main objective of which is to help ensure the conservation of natural habitats and species of wild flora and fauna.

The legal framework of the Natura 2000 Network Serra da Lousã, included in the Mediterranean biogeographic region, was established by resolution of the council of ministers no. 76/00 of 5 July, covering an area of 15,158 hectares, in 5 counties of the Pinhal Interior Norte.

Due to the extreme terrain and climatic variations, the existing vegetation is very diverse, of note being the occurrence of holm oaks (Quercus rotundifolia) in the drier and sunnier areas, and the groves of common oaks (Quercus robur) and Pyrenean oaks (Quercus pyrenaica) in the wetter and colder areas. The Chestnut trees (Castanea sativa) are found close to populated areas

The various watercourses are of great importance for fauna species, such as the otter (Lutra lutra). The riverside vegetation is in a good state of preservation, with stands of alder (Alnus glutinosa) in abundance and communities dominated by the Portuguese laurel (Pruunus lusitanica), and holly (Ilex aquifolium). Also of note are species such as the daffodil (Narcissus bulbocodium and Narcissus triandus) and the yew (Taxus baccata).

The importance of patches of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), and of some invasive plants such as eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) and acacia/mimosa (Acacia dealbata) should also be mentioned.

It includes important areas for the conservation of the Iberian emerald Lizard (Lacerta schreiberi), Iberian Frog (Rana iberica), Marbled Newt (Triturus marmoratus) and the Golden-striped Salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica). Also of note are some highly rare species, such as the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and the greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum).

explore

restaurants
As Beiras
As Beiras
Pampilhosa da Serra
restaurants
Fugas Restaurant
Fugas Restaurant
restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Bem-Me-Quer
Bem-Me-Quer
Martim Branco
restaurants
Sabores da Aldeia Restaurant
Sabores da Aldeia Restaurant
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Varanda do Casal
Varanda do Casal
Casal de São Simão
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Casa da Ti Augusta
Casa da Ti Augusta
Figueira
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Callum
Callum
Oleiros
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Fiado
Fiado
Janeiro de Cima
lodging
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Caldas de São Paulo
lodging
Casa Cova do Barro
Casa Cova do Barro
Janeiro de Cima
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
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Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
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Casa do Talasnal
Casa do Talasnal
Talasnal
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Casas da Serra do Açor
Casas da Serra do Açor
Casal Novo, Arganil
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Aldeia Oliveiras
Aldeia Oliveiras
Proença-a-Nova
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Vila de Rei
heritage
Roman Villa of Rabaçal
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Figueira
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offer
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
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Alvoco das Várzeas Medieval Bridge
Alvoco das Várzeas Medieval Bridge
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XL Epic Adventure
XL Epic Adventure
tour
Cyclin' Portugal Centre - Aldeias of Xisto de Oliveira do Hospital: P5 – Red
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tour
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
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E-Bike Getaway in Aldeias do Xisto
E-Bike Getaway in Aldeias do Xisto
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Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
village
Sobral de São Miguel
Sobral de São Miguel
village
Ferraria de São João
Ferraria de São João
heritage
Church of São Bartolomeu
Church of São Bartolomeu

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