lousã mountain

Lousã Mountain

serra da lousã

The Serra da Lousã uniquely combines the cultural and human aspects of the Aldeias do Xisto. Here we find almost half of the villages in the network. Its landscape offers countless possibilities for enjoyment.

Region

Almost half of the 27 Aldeias do Xisto are located in the territory of the serra da Lousã range: Aigra Nova, Aigra Velha, Candal, Casal de São Simão, Casal Novo, Cerdeira, Chiqueiro, Comareira, Ferraria de São João, Gondramaz, Pena and Talasnal. They are small villages, often hidden by the rich vegetation that surrounds them, surrounded by schist and quartzite.

Mystical, artistic and active

The Serra da Lousã has a very special mystique. The peaks and valleys covered in green, often shrouded in mist, give it an aura of magic and mystery that, together with the creative, artistic, cultural and sporting variety of offer, have been attracting more and more people to this region. It is home to red deer, wild boar and roe deer that peek through the cork oaks, chestnut trees, oaks and, of course, pines. It is crossed by numerous hiking/mountain biking trails and paths that lead to St. António da Neve, Alto do Trevim, Lousã Castle or to the Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy... not forgetting the river beaches.

Geography

The Serra da Lousã, together with the Serra do Açor and the Serra da Estrela, form the most imposing of Portugal’s mountain ranges: the Central Cordillera, located at its south-western extremity. Formed primarily of Pre-Cambrian schist, it is therefore geologically very old. These mountain ranges also form the watershed between the river basins of the Mondego and the Tagus. The Serra da Lousã includes the counties of Castanheira de Pera, Figueiró dos Vinhos, Góis, Lousã, Miranda do Corvo and Penela. It slopes steeply down to almost flat plains that stretch northwest. It is deeply incised by watercourses, the most important of which are the Ribeira de Pena to the north, the Ribeira de São João to the northwest, and the Ribeira de Pera and Ribeira de Alge to the south. To the east looms the quartzite ridge of the Penedos de Góis. However, its highest point is Alto do Trevim at 1204 metres.

Natura 2000 Network

Serra da Lousã is part of the Natura 2000 Network, which aims to ensure the long-term conservation of Europe’s most threatened species and habitats. Its 15,158 hectares include the flattened peaks of the Serra da Lousã, the quartzite formation of the Penedos de Góis (1048 metres) and the Mata do Sobral, an area of cork oak forest to the north in the Serra de Sacões mountain range. It includes the highest parts of the counties of Castanheira de Pera, Figueiró dos Vinhos, Góis, Lousã and Miranda do Corvo.

Fauna and Flora

With a rugged terrain and climatic variations, the vegetation is very diverse. The holm oak occurs in the highest, sunny and driest areas, the cork oak in the sunniest areas and the chestnuts and oaks in the wettest and coldest areas. With the deeply incised watercourses are associated well-preserved habitats, notably the communities of Portuguese laurel cherry and the rarely occurring holly, of great importance for certain species of fauna. Science suggests that the gold-striped salamander (Chioglossa lusitanica) originated here. There is also a very significant population of red and roe deer.

Cogumelo de Capuz

Carvalho Alvarinho
Quercus robur

Sapo Corredor
Epidalea calamita

Veado
Cervidae

Caracol

Dedaleiras
Digitalis purpurea

explore

restaurants
Fugas Restaurant
Fugas Restaurant
restaurants
Santo Amaro
Santo Amaro
Sertã
restaurants
Bem-Me-Quer
Bem-Me-Quer
Martim Branco
restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
As Beiras
As Beiras
Pampilhosa da Serra
restaurants
Varanda do Casal
Varanda do Casal
Casal de São Simão
restaurants
João Brandão
João Brandão
Oliveira do Hospital
restaurants
Callum
Callum
Oleiros
lodging
Casas da Mina - Hostel
Casas da Mina - Hostel
Cabeço do Pião
lodging
Casas do Sinhel
Casas do Sinhel
Relva da Mó
lodging
Casas do Favacal
Casas do Favacal
Favacal
lodging
Hotel Parque Serra Da Lousã
Hotel Parque Serra Da Lousã
Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Casa da Moenda
Casa da Moenda
Benfeita
lodging
Arganil Municipal Camping Park
Arganil Municipal Camping Park
Sarzedo
lodging
Sete Quintas
Sete Quintas
Retorta
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Aldeia Ruiva Campsite
Aldeia Ruiva Campsite
Aldeia Ruiva, Proença-a-Nova
heritage
Religious tour in Pedrógão Pequeno
Religious tour in Pedrógão Pequeno
tour
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
heritage
Igreja Matriz de Aldeia das Dez
Igreja Matriz de Aldeia das Dez
offer
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
offer
Dia e Noite no Centro da Natureza
Dia e Noite no Centro da Natureza
tour
Panoramic Road: Barroca - Fajão
Panoramic Road: Barroca - Fajão
village
Benfeita
Benfeita
heritage
Chapel of São Sebastião
Chapel of São Sebastião
village
Comareira
Comareira
offer
Geological Walk in Sobral Fernando
Geological Walk in Sobral Fernando
village
Martim Branco
Martim Branco
tour
PR1 PPS - Fajão Schist trails  – Climbing the cliffs
PR1 PPS - Fajão Schist trails – Climbing the cliffs
Casas do Rio