Xistopedia

Mountains of water

Mountains of water
nature and leisure
This is a territory where water is queen. It furrowed these mountains and inscribed many of the stunning landscapes we see. It feeds animals, lends its vital force to human agriculture and refreshes their leisure.

The Ceira River rises in the Serra do Açor at an altitude of 1118 m, and flows into the Mondego 100 km later when it reaches Coimbra. There are eleven Aldeias do Xisto within its catchment area.

The Alvoco and then the Alva, although they originate in the Serra da Estrela, are also fed on their left by the Serra do Açor. After meeting at the Três Entradas Bridge, near the Aldeia do Xisto Aldeia das Dez, the Alva will also meet the Mondego near Penacova. There are three Aldeias do Xisto within its catchment area.

After rising at 1900m in the Serra da Estrela, the River Zêzere, now more serene, passes through Belmonte and Covilhã. From here and almost until it flows into the Tagus - in its section called “Fosso do Zêzere” - it is fed, on both sides, by this sea of mountains.

In these valleys, dug out by the waters in a hurry to become streams and rivers, humans have built dams to transform the force of the flow of the waters into electricity.

Near Cambas (Oleiros), between Janeiro de Cima and Álvaro, the Zêzere ceases to be a river and becomes a calm reservoir. If it did not run through a valley from here to Constância, it would be possible to see that all the reservoirs of the 3 dams (Cabril, Bouça and Castelo de Bode) form an immense artificial lake, with more than 5800 hectares. There are ten Aldeias do Xisto within its catchment area.

Sometimes the waters of these rivers rest before continuing their journey.
Human beings did not want them to run wild, as they have always done so. So today, the tranquil surfaces of several reservoirs mirror the landscapes that surround them.

With the construction of the Santa Luzia Dam (1942), the Ribeira de Unhais ceased to roar in the gorge of the Serra do Vidual. The Ceira only stumbles at the Alto Ceira Dam (1949). But not even the gigantic Castelo de Bode Dam (1951) is able to store the huge amount of water that these mountains produce. The Cabril Dam (1954) took its name from the strangulation of the Zêzere River near Pedrógão Pequeno. At the end of it, as if the Zêzere wanted to be wild again, the Bouçã Dam (1991) prevents it from being so. These form an immense lake of about 6100 hectares, which is almost continuous. A mountain of water rcontaining 2 billion cubic metres of fresh water.

explore

restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Casa da Ti Augusta
Casa da Ti Augusta
Figueira
restaurants
Adega dos Apalaches
Adega dos Apalaches
Roqueiro
restaurants
Fugas Restaurant
Fugas Restaurant
restaurants
Fiado
Fiado
Janeiro de Cima
restaurants
Ponte Velha
Ponte Velha
Sertã
restaurants
Bem-Me-Quer
Bem-Me-Quer
Martim Branco
restaurants
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Callum
Callum
Oleiros
lodging
Casa Cova do Barro
Casa Cova do Barro
Janeiro de Cima
lodging
Quinta da Fonte Agro-Tourism, Bed&Breakfast
Quinta da Fonte Agro-Tourism, Bed&Breakfast
Fontaínha 3260-328 Figueiró dos vinhos
alojamento
Casas da Serra do Açor
Casas da Serra do Açor
Casal Novo, Arganil
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
alojamento
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Aqua Village Health Resort & SPA
Caldas de São Paulo
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Aldeia Oliveiras
Aldeia Oliveiras
Proença-a-Nova
lodging
Casas de Água Formosa
Casas de Água Formosa
Vila de Rei
heritage
Roman Villa of Rabaçal
Roman Villa of Rabaçal
heritage
Church of São Bartolomeu
Church of São Bartolomeu
heritage
Ponte Medieval de Alvoco das Várzeas
Ponte Medieval de Alvoco das Várzeas
tour
Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
Cyclin'Portugal Centre of Fróia River Beach (P31 - Green)
village
Figueira
Figueira
village
Ferraria de São João
Ferraria de São João
tour
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
The Tagus Route - Fontes > Souto Rest Area - GRZ on Foot: Stage 3
village
Sobral de São Miguel
Sobral de São Miguel
offer
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
Passeio Geológico de Foz do Cobrão e Sobral Fernando
offer
Aventura Épica XL
Aventura Épica XL
offer
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
tour
Cyclin' Portugal Centre - Aldeias of Xisto de Oliveira do Hospital: P5 – Red
Cyclin' Portugal Centre - Aldeias of Xisto de Oliveira do Hospital: P5 – Red

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