Xistopedia

Lousã Mountain

Lousã Mountain
villages and territory
A mountain range that uniquely combines the cultural and human aspect of the Aldeias do Xisto.
It is a mountain range that uniquely combines the cultural and human aspect of the Aldeias do Xisto, with nature and the leisure possibilities that its landscape provides. It is home to deer, wild boar and roebucks that lurk among cork oaks, chestnut, oak and, of course, pine trees. It is crossed by numerous walking trails/BTT and paths that lead us to St. António da Neve, Alto do Trevim, Castelo da Lousã or Mrs. da Piedade ... not forgetting the river beaches.

The Serra da Lousã, together with the Serra do Açor and the Serra da Estrela, form the most imposing of the mountainous alignments in Portugal: the Cordillera Central. The Serra da Lousã constitutes the southwest end of this mountain range. Being fundamentally schistous and pre-cambrian, it is therefore geologically very old. These mountains also separate the Mondego and Tejo river basins.

The Serra da Lousã covers the municipalities of Lousã, Góis, Castanheira de Pêra, Miranda do Corvo and Figueiró dos Vinhos. It presents steep slopes to the almost flat lands that extend to the northwest. It is deeply grooved by the water lines, with the Ribeira de Pena to the north, the Ribeira de S. João to the northwest, the Ribeira de Pera and the Ribeira de Alge to the south. To the east stands the quartzite ridge of Penedos de Góis. But its highest point is the Alto do Trevim at 1204m.

In the paths of its woods the deer cross with us or make their roar of heat heard far away. The deer also occurs here, but is more difficult to observe. Where autumn has the shades of deciduous hardwood trees. The flowers in the bushes turn to honey.

Serra da Lousã is part of the Natura 2000 Network. With its 15.158 hectares, it covers the flattened peaks of the Serra da Lousã, the quartzite formation of Penedos de Góis (1048 m) and the Mata do Sobral, an area of cork-oaks to the north, in the Serra de Sacões. It covers the highest part of the municipalities of Castanheira de Pera, Figueiró dos Vinhos, Góis, Lousã and Miranda do Corvo.

With its rugged orography and climatic variations, the vegetation is very diverse. The Holm oak occurs in the higher, sunny and dry areas, the cork oak in the sunnier areas and the chestnut and oak trees (Quercus robur and Q. pyrenaica) in the wetter and colder areas. The deeply embedded water lines are associated with well conserved habitats, standing out the communities of Azereiro (Prunus lusitanica) with Holly (Ilex aquifolium), of reliquial character, with great importance for certain species of fauna. Science indicates that the Salamandra lusitanica (Chioglossa lusitanica) had its cradle here. Here also occurs a very significant population of deer (Cervus elaphus) and deer (Capreolus capreolus). 

  • how to arrive

    Coordinates

    GD: 40.0667 -8.21667
    DMS: 40°4′0.12″N 8°13′0.01″W
    UTM: 29T 566800 4435454

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restaurants
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Casa das Bugalhas
Casa das Bugalhas
Candal
lodging
Casa Princesa Peralta
Casa Princesa Peralta
Talasnal
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Casa dos Amigos
Casa dos Amigos
Casal Novo
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Lousã
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Lousã
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
lodging
Pátio do Xisto
Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Retiro do Gondramaz
Retiro do Gondramaz
Gondramaz
lodging
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Lousã
lodging
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Aldeia do Camelo
lodging
Quinta dos Esconhais
Quinta dos Esconhais
Castanheira de Pêra
lodging
Casa da Cerejinha
Casa da Cerejinha
Góis
lodging
Casa do Neveiro
Casa do Neveiro
Góis
lodging
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Comareira
offer
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
tour
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Four Villages Route"
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Four Villages Route"
village
Candal
Candal
village
Chiqueiro
Chiqueiro
village
Talasnal
Talasnal
village
Casal Novo
Casal Novo
tour
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Discovering the Forest"
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Discovering the Forest"
associations
Arts and Crafts School
Arts and Crafts School
Cerdeira, Lousã
village
Cerdeira
Cerdeira
local products
Planta do Xisto
Planta do Xisto
Cerdeira
heritage
Lousã Castle
Lousã Castle
tour
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Levada Route"
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Levada Route"
tour
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Serranos Route"
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Serranos Route"
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
Casa Princesa Peralta
heritage
Santo António da Neve
Santo António da Neve
village
Gondramaz
Gondramaz
institutional
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
tour
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
tour
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
tour
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Casa Princesa Peralta
institutional
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Lousã
tour
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
Casa Princesa Peralta
associations
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Lousã
associations
Montanha Club
Montanha Club
Lousã
associations
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
Lousã
institutional
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Lousã
associations
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Lousã
local products
Lousãmel
Lousãmel
Lousã
associations
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
Lousã
tour
Castanheira-de-Pêra – Trevim Epic Climb
Castanheira-de-Pêra – Trevim Epic Climb
Casa Princesa Peralta
institutional
Câmara Municipal de Castanheira de Pera
Câmara Municipal de Castanheira de Pera
Castanheira de Pêra
village
Aigra Velha
Aigra Velha
village
Aigra Nova
Aigra Nova
associations
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Aigra Nova, Góis
tour
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
village
Pena
Pena
tour
Panoramic Road: Pena - Fajão
Panoramic Road: Pena - Fajão
village
Comareira
Comareira
tour
PR 9 - Baile Trail
PR 9 - Baile Trail
institutional
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Miranda do Corvo
associations
Abutrica Association
Abutrica Association
Miranda do Corvo
associations
ADFP Foundation - Association, Development and Professional Training