VILLAGES

Chiqueiro

lousã mountain
Lousã MountainChiqueiro
Chiqueiro
chiqueiro, lousã
Rocked to sleep by the bells of the flock. Only the bells of the flock seem to contradict the feeling that hereabouts time stopped long ago.

Only a local couple and their numerous flock seem to contradict the feeling that time stopped here long ago. The village is bounded by two small watercourses and partly hidden by the lush vegetation that surrounds it.

The layout of the village is simple, basically arranged in two steep streets lined by houses. The predominant building material is rough unfinished, dark schist, and, except for the chapel, none of the buildings is rendered.

The surrounding forest and the fauna that inhabit it make it an excellent starting point for exploratory walks.

  • territory

    Localizada na Serra da Lousã, na sua vertente ocidental, a aldeia encontra-se numa das encostas, exposta a nordeste da profundamente escavada bacia hidrográfica da Ribeira de São João, o principal curso de água a drenar este flanco da serra.

    Fugindo aos acentuados declives da serra, as populações serranas estabeleceram-se onde a terra lhes concedia um pouco mais de planura. No entanto, o Chiqueiro, situado mais acima, tira partido de uma zona de declives menos profundos.

  • nature

    Chiqueiro is included in the Site of Community Importance of the Lousã Mountain of the Natura 2000 Network. The hollies at the entrance to the village are joined by chestnut groves in the surrounding area, framing it with trees whose colours and shades vary with the rhythm of the seasons.

    The forest avifauna and large mammals – red deer, roe deer, wild boar - are abundant and easily observable here. Here begin two small watercourses that join the Ribeira da Vergada which races downhill, passing alongside Talasnal on its way of join the Ribeira de São João.

  • history and stories

    A fixação da população nas aldeias da Serra da Lousã terá ocorrido a partir da segunda metade do séc. XVII, ou pelo início do séc. XVIII, altura em que a cultura de regadio trouxe novos produtos, como o milho grosso, a batata e o feijão. Até então, a ocupação seria apenas sazonal, na primavera e verão, nomeadamente com atividades pastoris.

    Os documentos mais antigos que indiciam a sua ocupação são uma multa infligida pela Câmara da Lousã, em 1679, e o registo de propriedades foreiras ordenado por D. Pedro II, de 1687. No início do séc. XIX, apenas o Candal e a Cerdeira escaparam ao saque do exército napoleónico.

    Já em 1885, a população das sete aldeias (as cinco Aldeias do Xisto, mais o Catarredor e o Vaqueirinho) corresponderia a 8,7% do total da freguesia da Lousã (5.340 habitantes). Provavelmente, o Chiqueiro, chegou a ser uma das mais importantes aldeias serranas. Teve pároco residente e na sua capela ocorreram sepultamentos.

    A sua maior população residente ocorreu em 1940, com 45 habitantes. Desde 1991 que mantém dois habitantes.

    Origin of the name
    From chico – meaning pig – and eiró, meaning pig pen, pigsty or unclean place.
    “…Spring, Spring,
    Spring of the herdsmen,
    Those poor herdsmen
    Who sleep in those pigsties…”
    (popular Transmontane song)

    It follows that the village would have had a significant number of buildings and rustic structures for use as animal pens, probably belonging to or occupied by transhumant shepherds who came from the Serra da Estrela to pasture their livestock in the Lousã Mountain.

    Burials in the chapel
    At the end of the 1950s the inhabitants of Chiqueiro, tired of the inconvenience of the dilapidated wood floor placed directly on the soil, decided to replace the interior flooring of the chapel. During the work of removing the surface layer of soil, the village was in uproar: three graves were exposed, revealing a dozen unusual objects quite unlike the meagre belongings of the inhabitants (swords, earrings, necklaces and crowns). The authorities were called and the objects collected and taken away. To the inhabitants, they were evidence of the presence in Chiqueiro of Princess Peralta, after fleeing the Castle of Lousã and taking refuge here.

  • patrimony

    Casal Novo, Talasnal and Chiqueiro are very similar in architectural terms, with essentially two types of building. Firstly, there are those that normally served as animal pens, featuring just a ground floor and consisting of dry-laid schist stone and a thatched roof. 

    Secondly, dwelling houses consisting of two floors, with the top floor accessible by a schist staircase, comprising a single room for accommodation, often with the bread oven in one corner, and the ground floor space for accommodation or animals as well. The walls were made of schist with clay and straw mortar, and the structure made of chestnut wood or pine.

    Worth a visit:

    • Chapel of Senhora da Guia
      This chapel was shared with the inhabitants of Casal Novo and Talasnal. It seems to have been the most important of the three chapels in the mountain villages as Chiqueiro had a resident priest. It is a rectangular schist building, rendered and painted on the corners with a sky blue strip. It contains a wooden statue of Our Lady of Guidance.
    • Religious inscription
      On the facade of a house next to the chapel, a schist stone bears what remains of a small carved inscription. The letters “I H S” can be made out, corresponding to the trigram and symbol that was used by the Jesuits. It is likely that the inscription dates from the time when a resident priest lived in the village.
  • festivities
    • July: Meeting of mountain people (Santo António da Neve)
    • 2nd Saturday in September: Feast of Our Lady of Guidance
  • products
    • Kid goat
    • Chestnuts
    • Cheese
    • Honey
  • how to arrive

    De Norte e de Sul
    Na A1 sair para Coimbra. Tome a N17 (Estrada da Beira) e 14 km após a ponte sobre o Rio Mondego saia para a N236 no sentido da Lousã. Após 9 km chega à Lousã. Aí deverá tomar o caminho florestal de terra batida, a partir de Cacilhas em direcção às Aldeias do Xisto. Siga depois as indicações para a aldeia.

    De Espanha
    Na A23 sair na saída 18 na direcção Pombal/Sertã tomando o IC8. Após 64 km sair na direcção de Castanheira de Pera pela N236-1. Após 10 km, em Castanheira de Pera, seguir pela N236, subindo a Serra da Lousã até encontrar indicação das Aldeias do Xisto à esquerda através de um caminho florestal em terra batida.

  • Patron saint
    nossa senhora da guia
  • Ex-libris
    senhora da guia chapel

Contacts

explore

restaurants
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Casinha do Conde
Casinha do Conde
Casal Novo
lodging
Casa dos Amigos
Casa dos Amigos
Casal Novo
lodging
Casa Princesa Peralta
Casa Princesa Peralta
Talasnal
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Hostel Casa do Caminheiro
Hostel Casa do Caminheiro
Talasnal
lodging
Casa das Bugalhas
Casa das Bugalhas
Candal
lodging
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Lousã
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Lousã
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Lousã
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
lodging
Pátio do Xisto
Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Retiro do Gondramaz
Retiro do Gondramaz
Gondramaz
lodging
Quintal de Além do Ribeiro
Quintal de Além do Ribeiro
Ceira dos Vales, Lousã
lodging
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Comareira
lodging
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Aldeia do Camelo
lodging
Casa do Neveiro
Casa do Neveiro
Góis
lodging
Casa da Cerejinha
Casa da Cerejinha
Góis
lodging
Quinta dos Esconhais
Quinta dos Esconhais
Castanheira de Pêra
village
Casal Novo
Casal Novo
village
Talasnal
Talasnal
heritage
Lousã Castle
Lousã Castle
tour
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Serranos Route"
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Serranos Route"
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Levada Route"
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Levada Route"
tour
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Discovering the Forest"
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Discovering the Forest"
village
Candal
Candal
tour
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Four Villages Route"
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Four Villages Route"
offer
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
tour
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Casa Princesa Peralta
institutional
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Lousã
tour
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
Casa Princesa Peralta
associations
Cerdeira Village Art & Craft
Cerdeira Village Art & Craft
Cerdeira, Lousã
village
Cerdeira
Cerdeira
local products
Planta do Xisto
Planta do Xisto
Cerdeira
associations
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Lousã
associations
Montanha Club
Montanha Club
Lousã
associations
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
Lousã
institutional
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Lousã
associations
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Lousã
local products
Lousãmel
Lousãmel
Lousã
associations
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
Lousã
village
Gondramaz
Gondramaz
institutional
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
tour
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
tour
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
heritage
Santo António da Neve
Santo António da Neve
village
Aigra Velha
Aigra Velha
village
Aigra Nova
Aigra Nova
associations
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Aigra Nova, Góis
tour
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
village
Comareira
Comareira
institutional
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Miranda do Corvo
associations
Abutrica Association