VILLAGES

Casal Novo

lousã mountain
Lousã MountainCasal Novo
Casal Novo
casal novo, lousã
Hidden in dense woodland, it tumbles down the hillside. Make your way down to the threshing floor and enjoy the view over Lousã and its castle.

Passing along the unpaved road, the presence of Casal Novo almost escapes us. The village lies in a fold on the steeply sloping, north-facing hillside and the woodland surrounding the village hides its outline.

The village layout amounts to little more than an axis created by the road that crosses the village in an up-down direction, and which links it to the Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy. Two or three perpendicular lanes, and as many lateral accesses to public spaces, break the continuum of buildings which piggyback on one another on either side.

From the village threshing floor can be seen Lousã and its castle.

  • territory

    Situated on the western slope of the Serra da Lousã, on one of the banks of the Ribeira de São João that rises towards the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Mercy. The 10 km that separate the village from Lousã are mostly on dirt roads, passable by light vehicles with careful driving.

    The village is set in the deeply incised river basin of the Ribeira de São João. Passing along the unpaved road, the presence of Casal Novo almost escapes us. The village lies in a fold on the steeply sloping, north-facing hillside. The woodland surrounding the village hides its outline.

  • nature

    Casal Novo is included in the Lousã Mountain Site of Community Importance of the Natura 2000 Network. In the forest surrounding the village lurk elusive red deer and roe deer.

    In the space of little more than 2 km the Ribeira das Hortas stream captures water at about 900 metres above sea level and discharges it at 200 metres into the Ribeira de São João. It follows a vertiginous course through a deep valley. Its waters have almost no time to contemplate the village as they rush past. But it carries its sense of loss to the Ceira and the Mondego.

  • history and stories

    In general, the history of this village is similar to the histories of the other four Schist Villages in Lousã municipality. Permanent settlement of the villages of the Lousã Mountain occurred in the second half of the 17th century or beginning of the 18th. Until then, occupation was only seasonal, in the spring and summer, with pastoralism practices.

    The “Register of the population of the Kingdom (1527)” mentions none of these villages in its entry for Lousã.  The oldest documents that point to their occupation are a fine imposed by Lousã Council in 1679 and the register of tenant properties ordered by King Pedro II in 1687. At the beginning of the 19th century only Candal and Cerdeira escaped pillaging by the Napoleonic army.
    In 1885 the population of the seven villages (the five Schist Villages, plus Catarredor and Vaqueirinho) corresponded to 8.7% of the total population of the parish of Lousã (5340 inhabitants).

    The largest resident population in this village was recorded in 1885: 65 inhabitants. Since 1981, the village has not recorded a single permanent inhabitant. Since then, almost all the houses have become second homes.

    Origin of the name
    Casal is an old Portuguese word which in the Middle Ages was used to describe a group of two or three houses in a rural setting. The second part, Novo (New), indicates that this is a settlement of more recent foundation, compared to others that are close by (Chiqueiro and Talasnal).

    When development arrives late
    The end of traditional human occupation of this village was a tragic irony.
    “On the day when the last inhabitant took to the road with bags ready packed, he saw the trucks that had arrived to lay the road and connect the electricity, objectives for which he had fought unremittingly for dozens of years.”
    in “Serras de Portugal” (1994)

  • patrimony

    The village layout amounts to little more than an axis created by the road that crosses the village in an up-down direction, and which links it to the Shrine of Our Lady of Mercy. Two or three perpendicular lanes, and as many lateral accesses to public spaces break the continuum of buildings which piggyback on one another on either side. The predominant building material is very dark, rough finished schist. The overwhelming majority of the facades of buildings are unrendered.

    Of the traditional public structures, there remain only the fountain, its tank and the threshing floor, which is currently used as a viewpoint, taking advantage of the panoramic view over the plain of Lousã. The horizon stretches from west to north, from Senhor da Serra to the Serra de Montemuro.

  • festivities
    • July - Meeting of mountain people (Santo António da Neve)
    • 2nd Saturday in September - Feast of Our Lady of Guidance at Chiqueiro
  • how to arrive

    De Norte e de Sul
    Na A1 sair para Coimbra. Tome a N17 (Estrada da Beira) e 14 km após a ponte sobre o Rio Mondego saia para a N236 no sentido da Lousã. Após 9 km chega à Lousã. Aí deverá tomar o caminho florestal de terra batida, a partir de Cacilhas em direcção às Aldeias do Xisto. Siga depois as indicações para a aldeia.

    De Espanha
    Na A23 sair na saída 18 na direcção Pombal/Sertã tomando o IC8. Após 64 km sair na direcção de Castanheira de Pera pela N236-1. Após 10 km, em Castanheira de Pera, seguir pela N236, subindo a Serra da Lousã até encontrar, à esquerda, indicação das Aldeias do Xisto através de um caminho florestal em terra batida.

  • Patron saint
    nossa senhora da guia
  • Ex-libris
    threshing floor/viewpoint

explore

restaurants
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Restaurante Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
restaurants
Museu da Chanfana
Museu da Chanfana
Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Casa dos Amigos
Casa dos Amigos
Casal Novo
lodging
Casa Lausus
Casa Lausus
Talasnal
lodging
Casa Princesa Peralta
Casa Princesa Peralta
Talasnal
lodging
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Casa do Caminheiro Hostel
Talasnal
lodging
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Palácio da Lousã Boutique Hotel ****
Lousã
lodging
Casa das Bugalhas
Casa das Bugalhas
Candal
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity - Residências
Lousã
lodging
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Cerdeira - Home for Creativity
Lousã
lodging
Mountain Whisper
Mountain Whisper
Gondramaz
lodging
Pátio do Xisto
Pátio do Xisto
Gondramaz, Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Retiro do Gondramaz
Retiro do Gondramaz
Gondramaz
lodging
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Casa de Campo da Comareira
Comareira
lodging
Hotel Parque Serra Da Lousã
Hotel Parque Serra Da Lousã
Miranda do Corvo
lodging
Casa do Neveiro
Casa do Neveiro
Góis
lodging
Casa da Cerejinha
Casa da Cerejinha
Góis
lodging
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Casas de Campo Aldeia de Camelo
Aldeia do Camelo
lodging
Quinta dos Esconhais
Quinta dos Esconhais
Castanheira de Pêra
village
Chiqueiro
Chiqueiro
village
Talasnal
Talasnal
heritage
Lousã Castle
Lousã Castle
tour
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
PR 2 LSA - Lousã Schist Trails 2 - Schist Villages Route
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Serranos Route"
"PR5 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Serranos Route"
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Levada Route"
"PR3 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Levada Route"
tour
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
PR6 LSA - Caminhos do Xisto da Lousã - Rota dos Baldios
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Lousã – Trevim Epic Climb
Casa Princesa Peralta
institutional
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Câmara Municipal da Lousã
Lousã
tour
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
PR1 LSA - LOUSÃ SCHIST TRAILS - ROTA DOS MOINHOS
Casa Princesa Peralta
tour
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Discovering the Forest"
"PR7 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Discovering the Forest"
associations
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Activar - Association for Cooperation in Lousã
Lousã
associations
Montanha Club
Montanha Club
Lousã
associations
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
ARCIL - Associação para Recuperação de Cidadãos Inadaptados da Lousã
Lousã
institutional
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Junta de Freguesia da Lousã e Vilarinho
Lousã
associations
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Conselho Directivo dos Baldios da Lousã
Lousã
local products
Lousãmel
Lousãmel
Lousã
associations
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
GERL - Lousã Regional Heritage Group
Lousã
village
Candal
Candal
tour
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail  - Four Villages Route"
"PR4 LSA - Lousã Schist Walking Trail - Four Villages Route"
offer
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
Escapadinha de E-Bike nas Aldeias do Xisto
associations
Arts and Crafts School
Arts and Crafts School
Cerdeira, Lousã
village
Cerdeira
Cerdeira
local products
Planta do Xisto
Planta do Xisto
Cerdeira
village
Gondramaz
Gondramaz
institutional
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
Junta de Freguesia de Vila Nova
tour
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
PR2 MCV - Gondramaz Schist trail - In the Miller’s Footsteps
tour
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
PR1 MCV - Accessible Schist Walking Trail of Gondramaz
heritage
Santo António da Neve
Santo António da Neve
village
Aigra Velha
Aigra Velha
village
Aigra Nova
Aigra Nova
associations
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Lousitânea - Serra da Lousã League of Friends
Aigra Nova, Góis
tour
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
PR 1 GOI - Schist Traditions Route
institutional
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Câmara Municipal de Miranda do Corvo
Miranda do Corvo
associations
Abutrica Association
Abutrica Association
Miranda do Corvo
associations
ADFP Foundation - Association, Development and Professional Training